Plagiarism is the process of a menace of deceitful copying in any form, mutation or morphing, practiced by unethical authors in the world of academic and research achievements.
Although plagiarism is mostly associated with the written word, such as when a student or a teacher does not cite a source accurately in a term paper, it can also apply to graphic images and music. Taking credit on a conference or journal websites, personal blog for a video on YouTube, for example, would also be considered plagiarism. There have been several celebrity cases of plagiarism involving musicians.
We are all too aware of the ravages of misconduct in the academic community. Students submit assignments inherited from their friends, online paper mills provide term papers on popular topics, and occasionally researchers are found falsifying data or publishing the work of others as their own.
Plagiarism can be both accidental and intentional. Either way, it can still be prosecuted as a crime. Avoiding plagiarism is more than simply forgetting or neglecting to cite original sources.
The ways of Plagiarism
Invariably, some authors resort to plagiarism hoping to further their academic career in a manner which is deceitful and unacceptable to the scientific community. There are different ways the plagiarism is practiced.
The Plane plagiarism. The most common method is to copy the content of the original paper , add and delete information, add new sentences , change the tile and so on and so forth. Such authors take care to see that the original author and the paper are never referred in their plagiarized paper, hoping that they would never be caught
Verbatim Plagiarism. The copying of portions of another author's paper with citing, but not clearly differentiating what text has been copied (e.g., not applying quotation marks correctly) and/or not citing the source correctly. Verbatim copying, near-verbatim copying, or purposely paraphrasing sentences of another author's paper and/or, copying elements of another author's paper (such as non-common knowledge illustrations and equations) without citing the source and without clearly delineating (e.g., in quotation marks) the source material.
The Embedded plagiarism. This kind is the most deceiving . They simply copy the essence of the original paper but take care to keep the reference to the original author all along and also in the references as well. As a result the plagiarized paper also would be a look alike original paper but may appear in a different journal or conference or as the case may be. The role of the original author as a result is delegated in its essence from the original author category when somebody happens to refer the plagiarized paper first in a different journal or conference in the first place.
The self absorbed plagiarism. The third most commonly practiced plagiarism is the self absorbed plagiarism , wherein , the author mutes the first paper into different forms with different titles to be presented in diverse conferences and journals just to increase the number of publications to enhance ones number of publications. The self-plagiarism occurs when authors reuse portions of their previous writings in subsequent research papers. Occasionally, the derived paper is simply a re-titled and reformatted version of the original one, but more frequently it is assembled from bits and pieces of previous work.
When a single author publishes many papers on the same subject matter in the shortest possible period , it is an indication pointing towards self abasement on the intellectual plane.
The accidental plagiarism. Where ,the sources may be cited, however, the information can be found in the source is not properly listed or in some cases, the papers cited as references themselves may be not original.